Jumping between topics in a speech without thoughtful transitions can make it tough for your audience to follow along. The Public Speaker has 3 easy tips for creating smoother transitions for a better flow.
Use Transition Words or “Signposts” to Signal a Change
Transitions words are simple words that convey to the listener that you’re changing topic. My colleague, Grammar Girl, published a list of words that create smooth transitions. Here are some of the words she mentions:
- Later Today
Words like “however” and “but” indicate your next topic will contradict your previous topic. To the listener, these are “signposts” that your message is changing course. Phrases like “on the other hand” or “that being said” can also indicate that a message change is upcoming.
Practice Your Transitions
It’s important to practice transitioning smoothly. Pay attention to your tone, your speed and your volume level. Practice using a pause before your transition for effect.
“I’m sure most of you agree with my last point that too much standardized testing can be harmful to elementary school students. [pause] THAT BEING SAID, now I want to look at a couple of reasons why testing is important to education.”
Pausing before the transition and then using a higher pitch or higher volume to deliver your signpost phrase, “that being said,” gives emphasis to the transition and alerts the audience that a contrasting viewpoint is coming. Practice your transitions into a recording device or in front of another person so you can see how well the transition works.
Smooth transitions are key in public speaking. I recently attended a local history talk that was nearly impossible to follow. Although the speaker had a strong background in the subject and interesting information to share, she jumped around so much without transitions that most of us gave up trying to follow her.
As you can see from my tips, it’s easy to create a smooth transition: Simply use the right words and phrasing, and practice doing it well.
Presentation panel and mirror cartoon images courtesy of Shutterstock