Why Is It Called a ‘Spelling Bee’?

The origin of the word “bee” is still up for debate. It might come from the name of the insect, or it might come from a Middle English word for volunteering, but either way, it goes back to old-time social gatherings.

Mignon Fogarty
5-minute read
Episode #624

A long-time listener in Prague named Jiří asked why spelling bees are called bees. What is a bee?

The most common explanation is that we can trace it back to the buzzing insects. Bees are cooperative and social; they live and work together in a hive, and people seem to perceive them as always working. As far back as the 1500s, people were saying busy workers were “as busy as bees.”

Hundreds of years later, the word “bee” was being used to describe events like quilting bees, and husking bees, where people would get together to do work like those buzzing, cooperative, and social insects. Although a spelling bee is more of a competition than a social working group, it still took on the name, maybe because it was a social activity for the community and spelling seemed like work.

That’s the origin in the Oxford English Dictionary and in Online Etymology Dictionary. Unfortunately, Merriam-Webster and The American Heritage Dictionary give a different origin for the “social work gathering” meaning of “bee.”

Those sources say that “bee” comes from the Middle English word “bene,” which described the voluntary help you give to neighbors such as farmers who need to raise a barn or husk a lot of corn.

It seems the origin of the word “bee” is still up for debate, but either way, it goes back to old-time social gatherings.

Other fun phrases that use the word “bee” are “the bee’s knees,” “a bee in your bonnet,” “bees and honey,” “to make a beeline for something,” and “to put the bee on someone.”

The Bee’s Knees

I covered “the bee’s knees” almost three years ago, but for those of you who weren’t listening then or don’t remember, it’s 1920s slang that means something similar to “delightful” that was part of a group of similar phrases based on animals such as “the cat’s pajamas” and “the monkey’s eyebrows.”


About the Author

Mignon Fogarty

Mignon Fogarty is the founder of Quick and Dirty Tips and the author of seven books on language, including the New York Times bestseller "Grammar Girl's Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing." She is an inductee in the Podcasting Hall of Fame, and the show is a five-time winner of Best Education Podcast in the Podcast Awards. She has appeared as a guest expert on the Oprah Winfrey Show and the Today Show. Her popular LinkedIn Learning courses help people write better to communicate better.