The Guttmacher Institute, a leader in reproductive statistics, notes that the percentage of women who use long-acting, reversible birth control methods like intrauterine devices (IUDs) has risen in the past decade and is expected to continue to rise. Below are 7 crucial facts that women should know about IUDs to make an informed decision.
What Are IUDs and How Do They Work?
According to women’s health leader, Planned Parenthood, IUDs are small, T-shaped, plastic devices that are inserted into your uterus. There is a string at one end that hangs into the vagina so that it can be tested for placement and for easier removal.
What Are the Differences Between IUDs?
It is important to understand that not all IUDs are alike. The well-known medical site, Family Doctor reports that there are two main kinds of IUDs on the market. The first is a copper-based IUD called Paragard. It prevents pregnancy through changing the way sperm move in the uterus, preventing them from reaching the egg. The second kind are hormone-based IUDs including Mirena, Skylar, and Kylena, which release small amounts of progestin -- a hormone like progesterone -- to prevent ovulation.
See also: 13 Birth Control Options
How Are IUDs Inserted?
IUDs are inserted in a doctor’s office by a doctor, trained nurse practitioner, or physician’s assistant. The procedure is similar to a PAP smear but inserted more deeply.
What Does it Cost to Insert an IUD?
Some insurance will cover IUDs and some will not. If paying out-of-pocket, expect to pay up to $1,000 for the procedure.
There are both advantages and disadvantages to this form of birth control. Keep reading to weigh the pros and cons.