Financial Decisions You Should Make Every Year

Money Girl gives advice on 4 key financial decisions that you should review every year.

Laura Adams, MBA
Episode #342

Decision #3: What Legal Documents You Should Have

There are a few critical legal documents that everyone should have in order to make your wishes clearly known. Once created, update the following each year:

Last will and testament – is a document that every adult should have, no matter your age. If you die without a will, the courts decide what happens to your possessions and even to your children—not your family.

Review your will on a regular basis and make updates that may be necessary due to life changes such as, getting married, divorced, having a child, or becoming a widow or widower.

Power of attorney (POA) – is a document that allows you to give someone you trust, called an agent, the ability to make decisions for you. Your POA can be used if you’re not capable of making routine transactions, like paying bills or signing contracts.

Health Care Proxy – is also known as a health care surrogate or health care power of attorney. It allows you to designate someone to make medical decisions for you if you become sick or mentally incapacitated.

Each year, consider who you’ve designated as your POA and health care proxy and make any necessary changes. You can even appoint more than one agent, if needed.

Living will – is similar to a health care proxy, but only applies when you’re facing death, so you need both documents. A living will specifies what end-of-life care that you’d like to have, such as dying naturally or not.

If you don’t have these important emergency documents, there are online legal sites where you can download templates. But be sure to work with an attorney when you have questions or a complex situation.

See also: Do You Have the Right Emergency Documents?


Decision #4: How to Improve Your Credit Score

Your credit score plays a huge role in your personal finances because it affects what you have to pay for interest, insurance, and various utility deposits. Unfortunately, many of us don’t uncover problems in our credit reports until it’s too late.

Every year, give your credit a check-up by viewing or downloading your credit report for free at annualcreditreport.com. And by the way, checking your own credit never hurts it or gets counted against you in any way.

Look carefully for accounts that aren’t yours, which could indicate that you’re a victim of identity theft. If you see incorrect account details or personal information, submit an online request to get them corrected right away. Errors on your credit file could be dragging down your credit scores, and costing you money, without you knowing it.

See also: Credit Score Survival Kit - a free video tutorial with 3 smart strategies to build credit fast! 

How to Make Financial Decisions

If you’ve been putting off important decisions and tasks, consider taking off a day from work to tackle your financial to-do list.

Start with the above 4 major decisions, but consider other ways to save or make more money:

Taking a day to improve your financial life will repay you many times over, not just for now, but for decades to come.

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Young Woman Deciding image courtesty of Shutterstock


About the Author

Laura Adams, MBA

Laura Adams received an MBA from the University of Florida. She's an award-winning personal finance author, speaker, and consumer advocate who is a trusted and frequent source for the national media. Her book, Debt-Free Blueprint: How to Get Out of Debt and Build a Financial Life You Love was an Amazon #1 New Release. Do you have a money question? Call the Money Girl listener line at 302-364-0308. Your question could be featured on the show. 

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