Is your mass the same as your weight? If not, what's the relationship between these two ideas? And why do so many people get them confused? Keep on reading to find out!
Of course, it's because Earth (and its gravity) is pulling them towards it. So the weight of an object is a measure of the force with which gravity is pulling it.
Technically speaking, the weight of an object is equal to its mass times the acceleration of gravity (on whatever planet you happen to be on.) So the more mass something has, the higher its weight, and the stronger the force of gravity it feels. Scientists measure weight using a unit called Newtons, although the commonly used unit of pounds is also a perfectly proper unit of weight (grams and kilograms are not—they measure mass).
What would happen if you were to strap a scale to your feet and jump out of an airplane—would the scale show the same weight as it did on the ground? No, since gravity would be pulling both you and the scale to the ground, your feet would no longer push on it as it did on the ground and your apparent weight would be different. Of course, your mass wouldn't be changed by this experience—you would, after all, still be the same person.
How Much Do You Weigh?
Instead of jumping out of an airplane with your scale, what if you took your scale to another planet? Well, besides being the only person on that planet with a scale, what would happen to your weight? As you probably know, the masses of the various planets are very different (because they contain different amounts of stuff), which means that the pull of gravity on each is also very different.
A 170 pound person would weigh only about 1/10 pound on Phobos!
Why does that matter? As we saw earlier, your weight is equal to your mass times the acceleration of gravity of wherever you are.
On Earth, the acceleration of gravity is equal to about 9.8 m/s2. On the Moon (which has much lower mass than Earth), the acceleration of gravity is only about 1.6 m/s2. That means you'd weight about 6 times less on the Moon! On Mars' moon Phobos, the acceleration of gravity is 1,690 times smaller than it is on Earth. That means a 170 pound person would weigh only about 1/10 pound on Phobos!
Although your weight could be dramatically different depending on where you are, your mass is the same everywhere. After all, whether you're on Earth, the Moon, Mars' moon Phobos, or anywhere else, you—and all of the atoms you are made of—are you.
Of course, being tethered to Earth, we don't get to weigh ourselves on alien planets very often. As such, in our daily lives, we never have to worry about the distinction between mass and weight—so we don't! Which is precisely why people tend to say "weight" when they really mean "mass"--and the other way around.
OK, that's all the math we have time for today.
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Until next time, this is Jason Marshall with The Math Dude’s Quick and Dirty Tips to Make Math Easier. Thanks for reading, math fans!
Balance scale and feet on scale images courtesy of Shutterstock.