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Don't Let Inquiries Lower Your Credit Score

Learn the difference between soft and hard credit inquiries and how they affect your credit score. 

By
Laura Adams, MBA
2-minute read

Whenever information on your credit report is requested, it’s called an inquiry and gets categorized as either “soft” or “hard.” Here’s the difference between the two:

  • A soft inquiry doesn’t damage your credit score and is likely to occur without you even knowing. It could come from a credit card company that pre-approves you for a card offer, a potential employer, or an insurance company, for instance. Checking your own credit report is also a soft pull that has no affect on your credit rating

  • A hard inquiry can damage your credit score and happens when you actively seek credit by applying for a credit card, a retail store card, or a loan, for instance. Having too many hard pulls within a short timeframe indicates that you could be taking on too much additional credit and flags you as a potential credit risk. Hard inquiries make up about 10% of your credit score—so keep them to a minimum to keep your credit rating as high as possible. However, there is an exception if you're shopping for the best rates on a specific loan, such as a mortgage. While it's true that having lots of credit inquiries can decrease your score, the system won’t treat a cluster of credit inquires for one type of loan within this time frame unfavorably. So a good rule of thumb when you're shopping around is to submit all your loan applications to potential lenders within a two-week period.

To learn more about credit scores, scams, and myths, visit creditscore.com.

And for more Money Girl advice regarding credit scores, check out these episodes and tips:

Good Credit Bad Credit image courtesy of Shutterstock

About the Author

Laura Adams, MBA

Laura Adams received an MBA from the University of Florida. She's an award-winning personal finance author, speaker, and consumer advocate who is a frequent, trusted source for the national media. Money-Smart Solopreneur: A Personal Finance System for Freelancers, Entrepreneurs, and Side-Hustlers is her newest title. Laura's previous book, Debt-Free Blueprint: How to Get Out of Debt and Build a Financial Life You Love, was an Amazon #1 New Release. Do you have a money question? Call the Money Girl listener line at 302-364-0308. Your question could be featured on the show.