Take some cues from other cultures: Here are 5 parenting styles from around the world that American families can enjoy and learn from.
Although I struggled with infertility for five years, I was blessed to experience motherhood in two very special ways—adoption and pregnancy/birth. Both journeys are incredibly different but at the same time yield the coveted result—having a child. I wouldn’t trade my journey to motherhood for anything in the whole world because I believe it helped cultivate the type of parent I’ve become today.
Because I didn’t become a mom until I was nearly 30 years old, I had an advantage of focusing on my career, my spouse, and my own needs for longer than many of my friends who had their kids in their early and mid-twenties. I didn’t realize it back then, but my challenge with infertility was actually a sacred time for me. It afforded me the time to soak in parenting practices from my closest friends and work colleagues because I was on the outside looking in, and was able to observe many different parenting styles as I waited (not always so patiently) to become a mom myself.
Even now that I’ve been a mother for over twenty years, I haven’t met anyone that parents exactly as I do, but I’ve met so many amazing families that are raising great kids, despite their different child-rearing beliefs. I’ve always been of the mindset that we can all learn from one another, especially if it’s going to benefit our children.
In addition to interacting with parents and families here in my community, at school, and at church, I love reading almost anything parenting-related, not just because of the entertainment factor but because of the savvy information I can glean from a good read. I recently had the pleasure of reading one such book, Achtung Baby, written by Sara Zaske. This was such a delightful expression of the author’s experience of being an American mom who moves to Germany with her young family and has her eyes opened wide to the immense difference in the German cultural ways of raising their kids. “Whenever I tell my American friends and family about how much freedom German parents give their children, they react with surprise and disbelief,” exclaims Zaske.
This is where the author had my complete attention. She said she had always thought of herself as a relaxed parent until she lived in Berlin. (That’s me, I thought!) Yet being there gave her a quick taste of how much she had absorbed a modern American parenting style. She explains that a majority of adults born in the United States before 1980 grew up with much more freedom than our kids today. For example, kids in that generation (the time period I grew up in!) were allowed to ride their bikes all over town from morning until dark without having to continually check in with their parents. (I remember this well!)
Zaske elaborates that today’s parents, however, have created a culture of control. Think of the now-popular phrase “helicopter parenting,” where parents are overseeing nearly every move their offspring make from dawn to dusk. But this only touches on a larger problem—not allowing our kids to enjoy simple freedoms like having more unstructured play, to take risks, to have simple alone time after school and on weekends. It was interesting to learn that the German culture encourages toy-free time (love it!) where for weeks or months, many preschools and kindergartens throughout Germany remove toys from their classrooms so that kids must rely on entertaining themselves with their very own imaginations. Bottom line, Zaske’s children thrived under this less-controlling lifestyle and became far more secure and self-reliant, as do most German children.
Reading Achtung Baby was a great reminder about all that we can learn by embracing other cultures. Here are four parenting styles from around the world that American families can enjoy and learn from.
Parenting in Japan: Much like Germany, children in Japan have much more freedom coming and going than our American kids do and they’re expected to exercise their independence at a very young age. This includes elementary school-aged kids who are allowed to travel alone to get back and forth to school via trains and buses. One reason their children are given much looser reigns in this capacity is Japan’s overall low crime rate. In researching the parenting style of Japan, I learned that the elders in the community happily volunteer to make sure the children get safely to school, for the sheer enjoyment of interacting with them, as well as coach them on a proper greeting. The Japanese believe in a loud, strong greeting to one another, particularly when addressing their elders, otherwise it may be considered rude behavior.
Japanese families also believe in a very healthy diet where rice truly is a staple, and is even sent in their children’s lunchboxes to school each day. Community gatherings are very important as well, but when families get together the women and children hang together and prepare the food and the men congregate in another part of the house and enjoy adult beverages.
What Can We Learn From Japanese Parents? Japanese parents learn how to enjoy a more carefree pace of life and not worry as much about their children. They are strict when it comes to teaching respect and embracing education, but they know how to stop and smell the roses throughout the entire process.
Parenting in Italy: If you love a great gravy and meatballs, fine Italian wine, and amazing architecture and lush landscapes, Italian parenting may well be for you. As a whole, Italian folks focus on pleasure as opposed to work. They live their daily life by enjoying all that life has to offer rather than concentrating on a 9–5 lifestyle. In addition, the Italian way is to raise children to adapt to the adult way of life, not making it a child-centric world. They are known to appreciate all the beautiful aspects of life and live in a very relaxed manner with strong family values. This, of course, includes enjoying strong family bonds, a love of good food (and wine!) and appreciating fine art. That said, Italian children are brought up with the knowledge that they are treasured and valued and that their happiness is equally important to that of the adults in their lives.