"Kicked Off" or "Kickoffed"?

What is the past tense of the phrasal verb "kick off"?

Mignon Fogarty
1-minute read

Yolanda wrote, "Today I saw this on a website: '[Anonymous City Name to protect the author of the press releas Business Energy Program Kickoffed on February 2.'

'Kickoffed'?  Really? Help!"

Kicked Off

Ack! When it's used as a verb, "kick off" is written as two words, and the correct past tense is "kicked off."

  • The red team kicked off yesterday at noon.
  • Bob was kicked off the committee after he wrote "kickoffed" on the website.

Phrasal Verbs

Verbs like this are called phrasal verbs because they are verb units that include more than one word--they are phrases that act like verbs. Here are more examples:

  • "cheer up" (past tense "cheered up")

  • "log on" (past tense "logged on")

  • "make up" (past tense "made up")

  • "run away" (past tense "ran away")

Note that all these phrasal verbs end with prepositions. You're often dealing with a phrasal verb when you find it difficult to avoid ending a sentence with a preposition.  

Related Articles

Phrasal Verbs
Ending a Sentence with a Preposition


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About the Author

Mignon Fogarty

Mignon Fogarty is the founder of Quick and Dirty Tips and the author of seven books on language, including the New York Times bestseller "Grammar Girl's Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing." She is an inductee in the Podcasting Hall of Fame, and the show is a five-time winner of Best Education Podcast in the Podcast Awards. She has appeared as a guest expert on the Oprah Winfrey Show and the Today Show. Her popular LinkedIn Learning courses help people write better to communicate better.