Two Spaces After a Period

Were you taught to put two spaces after a period at the end of a sentence? Many people were, but now most publications recommend using just one. Here's the scoop.

Mignon Fogarty
3-minute read
Episode #465

If you learned to type on a typewriter, you’re going to hate what I say next: Do not put two spaces after a period. Don’t do it. Just use one.

I know. I was taught to use two spaces after a period in my high school typing class too, but you know what? It’s not that hard to break the habit. I haven’t been tempted to type two spaces for decades. It’s not like quitting smoking. I don’t find myself in nostalgic typewriting situations and suddenly get hit by an unexpected urge to type two spaces.

The modern and easy-to-follow style is to put one space after a period.

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I’m not making this up to torment you. Typesetters write and beg me to tell people to only use one space. If you use two spaces, they have to delete them. Yes, it’s not that hard to do it with search-and-replace, but it’s not that hard to put dishes in the dishwasher either, and you don’t like doing that, do you?

If sympathy for typesetters doesn’t move you, I’m willing to bet you’re a rule follower. I don't have a lot of to-heck-with-the-rules type of readers or listeners. And everyone who makes the rules today agrees: It’s a one-space world.

The Chicago Manual of Style, the US Government Printing Office Style Manual, and the AP Stylebook are just a few of the style guides that recommend one space after a period.

Monospaced Fonts and Proportional Fonts

two spaces periodThe story of spaces after periods is often told as though monospaced typewriter fonts needed two spaces after a sentence for good readability, and that the wide availability of proportional fonts on computers led to the switch to one space. In monospaced fonts, the letters are all the same width, so an i is the same width as an m, but in proportional fonts the letters are different widths, so an i is much narrower than an m.

The Shift to One Space After a Period

But the story of spaces at the end of sentences may be more complicated than the traditional lore because in the years of professional printing before the typewriter, typesetters tended to use wide spaces at the end of sentences whether their fonts were monospaced or proportional. Yet, it is true that during the era of the typewriter, two spaces ruled, and once computers became the dominant tool for typing, one space became the standard.

In HTML and many blogging platforms, no matter how many spaces you type, they get turned into one space. If you want multiple spaces, you have to hard code it in using the HTML code for a space, such as   which gives you a nonbreaking space. That means the program won’t break a line at the space—it’s a way to keep two words together so they don’t end up on two lines, such as a date or a name—but using the “nbsp” code is also a way to force HTML to include more than one space.

See Also: How Many Spaces After A Period?

Types of Spaces

You may also be surprised to learn that professional typesetters use different kinds of spaces. I first learned about these when I heard about something called a thin space—what typesetters often use between a single quotation mark and a double quotation mark that have to go next to each other. A full space between them would look weird, but if you put nothing between them, they run together, so typesetters use an extra narrow thin space to give the two punctuation marks a slight separation.

Typesetters use the various spaces available to them to do things such as align tables, set mathematical formulas, and properly align poetry.

Addition (5/22/2015): Some sources say that dyslexic readers find that one space after a period makes text easier to read.

[Correction: This article original said that the APA style manual called for one space, but this information was based on the previous edition of the manual. They changed their style from one space after a period to two spaces for manuscripts in the new, sixth edition.]

Image courtesy of Shutterstock.

About the Author

Mignon Fogarty

Mignon Fogarty is the founder of Quick and Dirty Tips and the author of seven books on language, including the New York Times bestseller "Grammar Girl's Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing." She is an inductee in the Podcasting Hall of Fame, and the show is a five-time winner of Best Education Podcast in the Podcast Awards. She has appeared as a guest expert on the Oprah Winfrey Show and the Today Show. Her popular LinkedIn Learning courses help people write better to communicate better.