Teaching adverbs is more fun when you do it using Tom Swifty jokes.
Tom Swifty jokes use adverbs to create puns related to the action of the sentence. For example, if a dog is chasing a ball, you could use the adverb "fetchingly" to create a pun:
"Rover went to get the ball," Tom said fetchingly
The jokes get their name from the "Tom Swift" series of children's science-fiction adventure novels first published in 1910 and created by the same publisher as the "Nancy Drew" and "Hardy Boys" books.
The jokes are called "Tom Swifties" because the Tom Swift books were noticeably filled with adverbs.
Creating puns of your own is a fun way to reinforce the concept that adverbs (such as "fetchingly") modify verbs (such as "said").
Tom Swifty Adverb Exercises
Start with these fill-in-the-blank sentences.
1. "The fire __________________," Tom said hotly.
2. "The lamp _____________________," Tom said lightly.
3. "My gray mare _____________________," Tom said hoarsely. (Homophone puns are allowed!)
4. "The duchess _____________________," Tom said nobly.
5. "The air balloon _____________________," Tom said loftily
Now use some of these adverbs to make your own Tom Swifty puns from scratch.
(See the next page for Tom Swifty ideas for these adverbs.)
Extend Your Adverb Lesson
Now, to reinforce the idea that adverbs can modify verbs, use each of the adverbs above to modify a verb other than "said."
Example: Tom sorely missed his good hiking boots.